In 1982, Manhattan Institute fellow George Kelling and American Enterprise Institute board member James Q. Wilson wrote a piece for the Atlantic entitled, “Broken Windows: The Police and Neighborhood Safety.” Kelling and Wilson argued that the police’s real job was not to fight serious crime, but to enforce community standards of order. They wrote, “how can the police strengthen the informal social-control mechanisms of natural communities in order to minimize fear in public places? Law enforcement, per se, is no answer: a gang can weaken or destroy a community by standing about in a menacing fashion and speaking rudely to passersby without breaking the law.” The article became hugely influential, and “Broken Windows” policing, where police invest heavy resources in addressing minor offenses, became the norm in city after city. In the aftermath of a spate of police-involved shootings, particularly of Black men, for minor or nonexistent infractions, many activists are calling for an end to Broken Windows policing. Andrea Ritchie is a police misconduct attorney, a 2014 Senior Soros Justice Fellow, author of Law Enforcement Violence Against Women of Color and Queer Injustice: Criminalization of LGBT People in the United States. Her latest article, Black Lives Over Broken Windows, appears in the Spring edition of The Public Eye Magazine.